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Yorkie (Yorkshire) Dog Breed History, Nutrition and Common Health Problems

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Contents of Article

  • Pedigree: Pure breed
  • Other Names: Yorkie
  • Height: 8 to 9 inches
  • Weight: 4 to 7 pounds
  • Breed Group: Toy
  • Lifespan: 12 to 16 years
  • Intelligence: High
  • Trainability: Moderate
  • Exercise Needs: Low
  • Shedding: Moderate
  • Temperament: Smart, Spunky, Inquisitive, Curious, Boisterous, Active
  • Good with Kids: No
  • Good with Dogs: No
  • Good with Pets: Yes (cats), No (small animals)

Known for their spirit and spunk, the Yorkshire terrier is a fiery little dog. Originally bred to hunt rats, the modern Yorkie is more of a companion pet, though these dogs do excel in dog sports like rally and agility. Though this breed has low exercise requirements and is adaptable to living in small spaces, they are not a low-maintenance breed when it comes to grooming. Yorkies have long, silky coats that need daily brushing and frequent trimming. If you’re looking for an apartment-friendly breed and you don’t plan to keep the dog around children or other dogs, this may be the breed for you.

Fun Facts About the Yorkshire Terrier

  • Puppies are born black and their coats turn blue-and-tan as they mature.
  • The breed was originally developed to hunt rats and they continue to excel in various dog sports including rally and agility.
  • Dogs bred for show typically weigh 4 to 7 pounds but Yorkies kept as pets may grow as large as 12 to 15 pounds.

Coat and Appearance

Not only is the Yorkshire terrier easy to identify by his small size, but he also has a very distinctive appearance. These little dogs have long, silky coats of blue-gray and tan hair. In terms of its texture, the coat should be fine, straight, and glossy – it should also be parted down the back, falling all the way to the floor. Most specimens of the breed have tan fur on their head, chest, and legs with dark gray, blue-gray, or black hair running down the back of their neck to the base of the tail and down either side of the body.

As a toy breed, the Yorkie is very small – he reaches an average height of 8 to 9 inches and generally weighs no more than 7 pounds. The dogs have small heads that are flat on top with a moderate muzzle and a scissors bite. Their eyes are medium-sized and dark with an intelligent expression and the ears are small, v-shaped, and carried erect. The body is small and compact but well-proportioned with straight legs and a docked tail. According to the breed standard, any solid color or combination of colors other than blue-and-tan is considered a disqualification from show.

History of the Breed

As you can probably guess, the Yorkshire terrier originated in Yorkshire county in northern England during the 19th century. Around the middle of the 19th century, Scottish workers came to the area in search of work and they brought with them various small terrier breeds. Though the exact origins of the Yorkie are unknown, these early Scottish terriers are thought to have played a role in the breed’s development. Some of the breeds that may have played a role in the Yorkie’s development include the Skye Terrier, Paisley Terrier, and the Maltese.

The Yorkie was introduced in the United States in 1872 and the first specimen of the breed was registered with the AKC in 1885. The popularity of the breed dipped during the first and second World War but he has reclaimed his rank as the 6th most popular breed according to AKC registration statistics.

Temperament and Personality

As is true for many toy breeds, this dog has a personality that is much bigger than his physical size. These little dogs are full of spunk and spirit, unafraid to stand up to dogs much larger than them. Though he may not make much of a guard dog, his watchdog abilities are strong – he won’t hesitate to sound the alarm if a stranger intrudes upon his territory. Not only are Yorkies tough on strangers, but they don’t typically get along well with children either. Their small size means that they can easily be injured and they tend to be a little nippy and impatient with kids.

Although these dogs can sometimes be stubborn during training and aggressive with strangers, they are a very affectionate breed that bonds closely with family. These little dogs delight in pleasing their owners, but only if your interests suit his own. This breed is often a mix of loving and mischievous, sometimes being content to cuddle with you on the couch and other times preferring to explore the yard on his own. Some dog owners claim that males are more easygoing and cuddly than females of the breed, though every dog is unique when it comes to personality.

Training Tips

The Yorkshire terrier is a very intelligent breed but, like many small dogs, he can be a challenge to housetrain. This breed is known to be a little obstinate, so you’ll need to maintain a firm and consistent hand in training. Positive reinforcement training is generally effective, just be sure to discipline your dog when needed so he doesn’t develop bad habits. Problem behaviors should be curbed early and make an effort to establish and maintain a routine for feeding, exercise, and training.

Exercise Requirements

Despite his small size, the Yorkshire terrier is an active little dog. This breed has low requirements for exercise, but they have been known to enjoy active play sessions and some dogs of this breed are more active than others. Most Yorkies are able to get their daily dose of exercise around the house but a daily walk never hurts.

Grooming Tips

Many fans of the breed call the Yorkshire terrier hypoallergenic but this term is not technically accurate. Yorkshire terriers shed less than many breeds, but they still produce dander and hair which could trigger an allergic reaction. Although this breed only sheds to a moderate degree, their long silky coats require a certain degree of care. You should brush your dog’s coat at least once a day to control shedding and to prevent mats and tangles. Keeping your dog’s topknot tied up will help to keep the hair out of his eyes and you might consider trimming his coat into a “puppy clip” to keep it more manageable.

In addition to grooming your dog’s coat, you should also trim his nails every week or two and keep an eye on his ears to ensure that they are clean and dry. It is also recommended that you brush your Yorkie’s teeth as often as he will let you because toy breeds have a high risk for dental problems including periodontitis.

Nutrition and Feeding

Because they are a toy breed, these dogs have very fast metabolisms and may require as many as 40 calories per pound of bodyweight. Considering the fact that these little dogs weigh about 7 pounds at maturity, however, that only adds up to about 280 calories a day or so. More important than the number of calories your dog consumes per day is the quality of his diet. This breed will benefit from a high-quality dog food formulated specifically for toy and small breeds. These dog foods are typically high in protein to maintain lean muscle mass with plenty of fat to provide a concentrated source of energy. Stick to digestible whole grains like brown rice and oatmeal or grain-free carbohydrates like sweet potatoes, tapioca, and peas. Once you’ve chosen a diet for your yorkie, follow the feeding instructions carefully to prevent him from gaining too much weight.

Common Health Problems

Small and toy breeds like the Yorkie tend to live several years longer than larger dogs. Unfortunately, this breed is prone to a number of serious health problems which may prevent your dog from living as long as other small breeds. Some of the health problems to which the breed is prone include cataracts, bronchitis, portosystemic shunt, keratitis sicca, and various genetic defects. These dogs also have very delicate digestive systems so they need an easily digestible diet. Here is an overview of some of the most common health problems known to affect the breed:

  • Cataracts – A cataract is simply an opacity in the lens of the eye that may obstruct your dog’s vision. Cataracts generally aren’t painful unless they separate from the tissue holding them in place and settle somewhere else in the eye, causing painful inflammation. In many cases, cataracts develop as a result of old age but they can also be caused by trauma to the eye or various inherited eye conditions. Treatment for cataracts may require surgery, though many dogs adjust well to a loss of vision.
  • Bronchitis – Also known as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), bronchitis is caused by inflammation in the upper airway, often triggered by some kind of bacterial or viral infection. Symptoms may include a dry hacking cough, fever, retching or gagging, wheezing, lethargy, and difficulty breathing. Treatment for bronchitis usually involves medication to reduce inflammation and continued protection from environmental irritants like smoke, perfumes, and dust.
  • Portosystemic Shunt – This condition affects the portal vein, the vein that carries blood to the liver where it can be filtered to remove toxins. A shunt develops when there is an abnormality in the connection, allowing blood to bypass the liver – this is usually due to a congenital defect. Portosystemic shunt may cause stunted growth, abnormal behavior, and seizures. Treatment usually involves dietary changes to reduce toxin intake, though some cases may require surgical correction.
  • Keratitis Sicca – This condition is also known as “dry eye” and it normally develops when the cornea and the surrounding tissues become inflamed due to dryness. Dry eye can be caused by various immune-mediated diseases that damage the tear glands as well as infections, certain medications, or conditions like hypothyroidism. Treatment usually involves ophthalmic medication to stimulate tear production.
  • Genetic Defects – In addition to the conditions already mentioned, this breed is prone to a number of genetic disorders such as hydrocephalus, Legg-Calve-Perthes syndrome, patellar luxation, retinal dysplasia, and bladder stones. Yorkie puppies may also be at risk for hypoglycemia.

In addition to these health problems, Yorkies are also highly sensitive to anesthesia because they are so small. Dogs of this breed that weigh less than 4 pounds are more susceptible to health problems as well which could limit their lifespan. The breed’s small size also predisposes it to dental problems.

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Heal Your Dog Naturally

To:      Devoted dog owners who want their pets poor health
           improved once and for all…

From:   Sara Rooney BHSc. ND., DC, DASc., GDSc. (Hons) Zoology, MATMS, MHATO.
           Canine Naturopath, Naturopathic Physician, Research Scientist &
           Zoologist

Subject:  A Unique ebook That Provides Solutions So That You Can
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               Time

Sara Rooney
BHSc. ND., DC, DASc., GDSc. (Hons) Zoology, MATMS, MHATO.
Canine Naturopath, Naturopathic Physician, Research Scientist & Zoologist

Dear Dog Owner,

Are you sick and tired of …

  • Knowing that the medications you are giving your dog are probably only treating their symptoms and not their real problems?
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My name is Sara Rooney and I am a fully qualified Canine Naturopath, Naturopathic Physician, Zoologist and Research Scientist here in South Australia.  I have helped thousands of pets all around the world through ‘Naturopathic Animal Services’ (www.animalnaturopath.com.au). 

From more than 20 years of treating dogs with natural medicines and doing enough scientific research at university to just about make me go cross-eyed …

… I Discovered The Most Common Cause of Almost ALL Dog’s Health Problems … AND … Developed Natural, Safe & Effective Treatment Programs That Can Help Dogs Live Happier and Healthier Lives

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That’s why you won’t find another book like mine on the market … because most practitioners don’t have a clue what caused the dog’s health disorders.  They only know what to prescribe to STOP the SYMPTOMS!

Unfortunately, just treating your dog’s symptoms does nothing to actually heal your pet though.  At best … it just suppresses their symptoms.  At worst – it will cause a more serious disease or more severe symptoms than they had before … and cost you a lot of money in the process.

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“I found your wonderful book over the weekend and it has helped me to understand my girl’s problems. I have gained a lot of information from your book and the extra informative booklets – they are excellent about how to help my girls. It is in plain English and extremely helpful. Thank you.”

Kind regards

Faye Wall
Vic. Australia

… From depressed to playful & very, very happy …

“Muffy is a purebred Maltese who suffered red tear-stained eyes and repeated occurrences of vomiting, diarrhoea and gastric pain. He had been depressed and tired for a few months culminating in another one of these episodes. Muffy is like a new dog. He is playful, full of energy and very, very happy. Thank you so much Sara. If it weren’t for you, Muffy would not be the new boy he is and be able to play like a puppy with his new brother Sammy.”

Robyn Kay
Mount George, South Australia

 

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Leicester,UK

Remember … I am not some fly by night “guru” offering you a quick-fix, get rich scheme or a stay at home pet owner just trying to get your cash by trying to sell you some ‘magic potion’. 

This Work is My Life. 

I have studied hundreds of thousands of hours to get my qualifications (Canine Naturopath, Naturopathic Physician, Scientist, Zoologist), researched health, naturopathic medicine and the animal sciences for over 20 years and most importantly, treated dogs like yours all around the world, through ‘Naturopathic Animal Services’ www.animalnaturopath.com.au and helped them achieve excellent health without the use of potentially toxic drugs.

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  • Whether a Dog Eating Its Own Faeces is Healthy or Not
  • What’s Wrong With Most Dog Collars
  • How to Prepare Your Dog For Surgery To Give Them the Best Chance of Avoiding Infection And Side Effects
  • What the Two Most Potent, Scientifically Proven, Plant Medicines Are for the Treatment Of Dangerous Protozoan Organisms Without the Side Effects of Pharmaceutical Drugs

For Too Long Now,  I Have Witnessed So Many Sick Pets That Have Only Had Their Symptoms Treated, And I Felt It Was Time To Let People Know About The Real Causes Of Their Pets Problems So They Would Have The Opportunity To Treat Them Completely And Permanently.

Just Prescribing Animals Drugs To Suppress Their Symptoms Does Not Usually Offer Them Any Long-Term Solutions And Can Cause Them Even More Problems.

The Underlying Causes Of Your Dog’s Health Disorders Need To Be Addressed So That Your Pet’s Problems Can Be Treated At Their Very Core – Not Just On The Surface.  After Many Years Of Trial And Error And Finding Out What Works And What Doesn’t, The Most Effective Treatments For Common Health Disorders Have Been Identified And Can Be Found In This eBook.

Through Many Years Of Research And Clinical Experience, I Have Identified The True Causes Of Most Dog’s Health Problems.  It Doesn’t Matter Whether They Are Suffering From Skin Problems, Joint Pain, Heart Disease, Cancer, Diabetes, Infections, Autoimmune Disorders – Almost All Health Problems Can Be Treated Using An Effective System Of Healing That I Have Established.

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The Principle Naturopathic Philosophy On Healing Is That The Body Has The Ability To Heal Itself, When It Is In Balance – Even From Major Illnesses Such As Cancer.  This Book Shows You How You Can Easily Help Bring Your Dogs Health Back In To Balance, To Allow It To Repair Itself.

In Fact, Many Scientists Claim That When The Body Is In Balance, It Doesn’t Suffer From Allergies or Skin Conditions, Cancer or Heart Disease, Diabetes or Thyroid Problems or Any Other Diseases – As All Of These Disorders Are Simply Signs That There Is Some Kind Of Imbalance In The Body.  This Book Will Help You Identify The Cause Of Your Dogs Imbalance And Help You To Reverse and Correct It As Quickly As Possible.  Treating Your Dogs Underlying Problems Will Give Your Pet The Best Possible Chance Of A Complete Recovery, Rather Than Just Temporary Relief From Their Symptoms.

 

I’m not exaggerating when I say that this book (& Sara’s advice) has saved Igor’s life! After many months of tests, Igor was diagnosed with SLE (auto-immune disease) and the vets put him on cortisone and told us that’s all they could offer him.

They warned us that he will not see old age and that autoimmune diseases were common in bull mastiffs – not very helpful or positive advice. The vets also didn’t know ‘why’ Igor got the disease – maybe they should read this book then they might learn something!

To look at Igor now – You would never know he had been so ill!
His skin is now excellent and he is 100% symptom-free.

Every dog owner in the world should read this book! 

Jim Bower,
Bathurst, NSW. Australia

Never before have I read a book that offers so much information that can truly help dogs. I have bought many books over the years about natural healing but they all just offer basic advice on treating different disorders. This is entirely different! Sure it offers treatment advice for various problems but more importantly it provides real answers about the actual causes of disease – not just feeble advice on how to treat the symptoms. It will be my “No. 1” reference book from now on! This book totally changes the way I look at disease altogether – I can’t wait for Sara to write more books on health!

Veronica Robertson
Natural animal therapist
Epsom, UK


Please note: This is not a hard copy book. After payment, you will be able to download ‘Heal Your Dog Naturally’ to your computer straight away.

Our 6 yo boxer, Milly, was diagnosed with a candida infection which had ‘No known cause’ – and this book explains exactly how she got it! We then followed the diet and treatment advice given in the book and Milly’s candida is now totally gone! No more itching! Her skin is now beautiful; her energy has returned; and best of all she is happy again. We now understand what we need to feed our dogs; what supplements we need to give them both and how we can prevent a whole host of other problems from developing. “Heal Your Dog Naturally” delivered everything we needed to know and more! Thank You Sooo Much Sara!

Linda Carlton
Riverton
Wyoming

At Last … Now You Can Help Stop Your Dog’s Pain And Suffering Rapidly and Safely …Without Drugs and Without Leaving Home – And, As A Bonus, You May Help Prevent the Onset Of Future Disease in Your Dog Using The Information In This Book.

“Heal Your Dog Naturally” Reveals The Safest Methods For Treating Pain, Inflammation And Other Distressing Conditions In Your Dog …

This Is Not Just Another Book On How To Treat Skin Conditions, Yeast Infections Or Joint Pain In Your Dog, …….Nor Is it Just A Book on The Correct Diet For Your Dog….It Is ALL of That And Much, Much More!

If you are even remotely interested in learning the truth about the underlying cause of your dog’s health problems and finding out how to reverse these problems once and for all – you owe it to your beloved pet to at least read the information in “Heal Your Dog Naturally”.

Remember, just “Thinking” about your dog’s problems will never heal them or provide them with the opportunity for a long, healthy and happy life.

Clive was suffering from severe arthritis and his vet had him on pain killers and anti-inflammatory medications and said he needed to be on these for the rest of his life.
NOT GOOD ENOUGH! We wanted other answers.
We wanted to know ‘What’ was causing his arthritis – not just ply him with pain killers for the rest of his days. He’s way too precious for that. This book gave us all the answers and, better still – provided us with a successful treatment plan that DOESN”T cause more problems than what it treats.
We can’t thank Sara enough for what she has done for Clive. No more pain. No more digestive problems and way more energy! Our beautiful boy is happy again!

Barbara Langston,
Dover, Delaware
USA

More And More Dogs Are Now Suffering From Serious Health Problems Than Ever Before – Cancer, Heart Disease, Diabetes, Joint Conditions, Skin Problems, Autoimmune Disorders …And At Much Younger Ages! The Truth Is That Most Conventional Drug Therapies Do Not Treat The Underlying Causes Of Any Of These Problems And In Some Cases They Cause Even Greater Problems Than Your Pet Originally Suffered From – Resulting In Long-Term Damage To Your Pet’s Health.

“Heal Your Dog Naturally” provides both clinical and scientific advice that may assist you to treat conditions in your dog which may help them to live healthier, longer and happier lives. 

It provides the guardians of animals, not with more theory – but with advice that can be used to treat the real causes of their pet’s health problems as well as provide advice on how to give their pets fast, effective and permanent relief from pain and symptoms. Not only can this significantly increase the quality of life for their dogs but it may also help to extend their life.

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    Please note: This is not a hard copy book. After payment, you will be able to download ‘Heal Your Dog Naturally’ to your computer straight away.

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    P.S. The Free booklets that are currently available with “Heal Your Dog Naturally” may not be available in the future and may change at any time.

    • “Heal Your Dog Naturally”
    • “Canine Cancer – Treating it the Natural Way”
    • “Canine Skin Conditions – Treating them the Natural Way”
    • “Natural Treats for Dogs”

      Please note: This is not a hard copy book. After payment, you will be able to download ‘Heal Your Dog Naturally’ to your computer straight away. There is nothing like this book on the market!

      Once you place your order on our secure server, you will be directed to the download page where you can download your books and get started IMMEDIATELY. The e-books are in PDF format, which can be viewed on any computer (PC or MAC). You can read them right on your computer screen or you can even print out your own hard copy.

      As soon as you have read the book, you can start treating your pet straight away and help to improve their quality of life without delay!


      Please note: This is not a hard copy book. After payment, you will be able to download ‘Heal Your Dog Naturally’ to your computer straight away.

      Consider this – The small amount of money you invest in this book is a drop in the ocean compared to the amount of money you’ve probably already wasted on treatments that don’t work or caused more problems than when you first started. The best news is that the cost of this book is absolutely nothing unless you agree that this book provides you with useful information that can help your pets to heal rapidly and effectively because you receive a…..

      You Have Nothing to Lose and Everything To Gain To Help Your Much-Loved Pet Achieve Fabulous Health.

      Please try the treatment methods found in ‘Heal Your Dog Naturally’ and If you are not thrilled with the results you get for your dog, I want you to simply write and tell me, and I’ll send you a prompt and courteous, no questions asked, 100% refund.

      That’s my personal promise to you”

      Sara Rooney BHSc. ND., DC, DASc., GDSc. (Hons)Zoology, MHATO, MATMS

      On the other hand, if “Heal Your Dog Naturally” helps you to treat your precious dog successfully so that they become healthier than they ever were before, then I want you to email me your success story or testimonial to tell me the great results you achieved – and please tell all your friends about it too.

      If You’re Finished For Good With All The Hype, Claims and ‘Quick Fix Cures” That Have Failed You In The Past And You Are Fed Up With Reading Books Written By Amateur Pet Owners With No Real Knowledge About Health or Science Or Any Clinical Experience And You Are Sick of Enormous Vet Bills That Do Not Resolve Your Dog’s Problems Permanently, Then This Is The Cutting-Edge, Scientifically-Based, Clinically Effective Information You Have Been Searching For On How To Heal Your Dog And Stop Their Suffering With Safe and Successful Treatment Methods That Have Been Tried and Tested, Time and Time Again on Thousands Of Dogs Around the World. 


      Please note: This is not a hard copy book. After payment, you will be able to download ‘Heal Your Dog Naturally’ to your computer straight away.
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          Dog Behavior Problems: Types, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatments

          Dogs have learned to live with humans and like to please us. But, we still have to train them to avoid some of their more destructive behaviors.

          We have prepared a guide on some of the most common dog behaviors, what they mean, and how you can address them.

          Pet Behavior Problems

          Aggression and scavenging are the two most common dog behavior problems. There are many pet habits that owners also consider harmful or annoying. Yet, these two are the most dangerous for your pooch and the people and animals around them.

          As a first step, if the issue is new and unusual in your dog’s routine, you should consider taking your pooch to the vet to rule out any health problems.

          It’s also important to note that some behaviors considered major for some owners are non-issues for others. For example, some owners would never let their dog sleep with them in bed while others prefer it. Some would rather their dogs didn’t bark. Other owners appreciate the notification when someone’s at the door.

          So, whether behavior is indeed a problem at all is up to you and your dog, and the potential consequences.

          Causes of bad or destructive behavior in dogs can be many, ranging from boredom to malnutrition to injury or illness. Sometimes we send the wrong signals, thinking we’re doing the right thing. For example, if your dog is growling or barking at another dog, you may try to pick them up or pet them. If you do this, your dog will think it’s okay and even desirable to act aggressively because you rewarded them for it.

          The same goes for dogs whining, barking, and howling to get your attention. If you react to this behavior and start talking to the dog, playing with them, or giving them food, the behavior will continue.

          Some “weird” dog behaviors are instinctive, some are bad habits that have formed over time, and some might be signs of an underlying health condition. Below are some of the common dog behaviors that are easy to spot but might be very difficult to eradicate.

          Instinctive Behavior

          Behaviors that are instinctive include digging, chewing, chasing, and rolling in dirt, poop or dead animals. These make perfect sense for your dog and are natural dog behaviors, no matter how uncomfortable it might be for you. You can train your dog to minimize or stop these habits, but it won’t be easy.

          Bad Habits

          Bad habits like resource guarding, jumping on people, climbing on furniture, begging for food, clingy behavior, and taking over your bed are encouraged by our behavior toward dogs. If you don’t want your pet on the furniture, you must set clear boundaries and be consistent. It’s also essential that you provide your pooch the comfort, safety, and enough food so they won’t have to claim it for themselves.

          Health Issues

          Health conditions can also cause your dog to act out, become aggressive, or growl and bite. Separation anxiety is a big problem for some owners. Their dogs mess up their home and destroy things while they’re home alone. Excessive licking, eating poop, defecating and urinating indoors can also be signs of illness or injury.

          First Things First

          Keep in mind that this isn’t a definitive guide as your dog might act out because they are bored. Before you draw any conclusions, make sure your dog is healthy and getting enough exercise. If you misdiagnose a bad behavior as acting out or attention seeking when there’s an underlying health condition, things can go south.

          Training Options

          For some dog behavior issues that persist, you will need to consult a dog behavior specialist. Most owners turn to professionals to help deal with aggression, resource guarding, and separation anxiety. These experts can help with dog behavior training, no matter how severe or mild the condition may be.

          You don’t have to hire a pet behavior expert to deal with problematic dog behavior. You can also try to train them yourself. Choosing the right approach and being consistent is vital to success. Always bear in mind what you want to achieve and then find the best way to get there. Arm yourself with enough patience and treats and avoid punishment as a training method.

          List of Dog Behaviors

          We have compiled a list of dog behaviors that owners find harmful or annoying. We would love to hear from you in terms of what behaviors you’ve dealt with and how and if you have something to add to our list.

          Barking and howling

          Excessive barking and howling can get very annoying, both for you and your neighbors. So you should put a stop on the behavior as soon as possible.

          Read more on How to Stop a Dog From Barking or Howling

          Digging

          Some dog breeds just love to dig, it’s in their blood. But if your carpets or your garden are getting destroyed, you’ll want to try to train your pooch to stop digging.

          Chewing

          Chewing is one of the most common problems when the object of your dog’s attention are your shoes, phone, clothes, etc. Learn how to limit the destruction.

          Read more on How to Stop a Dog From Chewing Things

          Play biting

          Play biting is especially common in puppies and it’s a form of a rough play. Your pooch doesn’t know better, so teach them!

          Separation anxiety

          Dogs with separation anxiety will get nervous and destructive when their owners are away. Find ways to help your anxious canine deal with the issue.

          Read more on How to Treat Separation Anxiety in Dogs

          Urinating and defecating inside

          Eliminating inside the home can be a sign of a health problem if your dog is potty trained. Take your dog to the vet to check for medical issues and find treatment.

          Growling and biting

          Growling and biting are often signs of aggression. If your dog gets snappy at other animals or people, determine the cause and start training. Stop dog growling and biting before someone is seriously injured.

          Read more about the Best Ways to Handle Aggression in Dogs

          Resource guarding

          Your dog might think that there isn’t enough food for them so they guard it with their life. Same goes for toys and their place on the sofa. The fun stops when the dog gets possessive aggressive and starts to act out.

          Read more: How Do You Stop a Dog from Guarding Food

          Begging for food or stealing food

          When dogs get their eyes on a delicious piece of food, they’ll do anything to get it. If you want your dog to stop begging for table scraps or stealing your dinner, you must take precautions.

          Read more on How to Stop a Dog From Jumping on the Counter

          Chasing

          Going after small prey is an urge some dogs can’t resist if they’re not trained well. Teach your dog to sit, stay, and come to prevent them from running away.

          Jumping up on people

          Pets will get excited when someone comes to visit and might jump on people they like. This may be cute at first, but some people don’t appreciate the gesture. Teach your dog good manners.

          Eating poop

          This nasty habit can form because of preference, boredom or malnutrition. Some of us will never understand or accept dogs eating poop as natural.

          Climbing on furniture

          It’s up to every owner to decide whether their pets should be allowed on furniture. But when they get on the kitchen counter to steal your food, that’s definitely an issue.

          Clingy behavior

          Some dogs are just more of a lap dog. But when you can’t even go to the bathroom without your pet, that’s a sign your fur baby is too clingy.

          Leash aggression and pulling

          If not introduced to the leash early, dogs can get very unhappy about being restrained. They will not let you put them on a leash. When you manage to do it, they will pull and run in front of you all the time.

          Rolling in dirt, poop or dead animals

          This one is a doggy favorite. Did you just bathe your dog and they’re all clean and fresh? Be careful when you go outside because some dogs hate getting baths as much as they hate the smell of their shampoo. They prefer the natural odor, such as dirt, poop, and dead animal roll-on.

          Taking over your bed

          It’s up to you whether you’ll let your pet in your bed. But when they get all grown up and start to push you off, you need to get them under control.

          Running away

          Certain breeds that have a strong hunter instinct are likely to run away when they spot their prey. Regardless of the breed, keep an eye on your four-legged lover boy during spring and fall when the females are in heat.

          Excessive licking

          Excessive licking is often a sign of a health issue. If your dog is licking themselves, they might be injured or have an infection. If they lick everything and everyone, there might be a less obvious issue. Take your pooch to the vet to get to the bottom of it.

          Body Language and Diagnosis

          It is sometimes possible to spot signs of aggressive or destructive behavior in dogs before it occurs. Learn to read doggy body language. Spot signs of discomfort, fear, or aggression. Prevent bad behavior before it happens. Direct your dog’s attention back on you or something else or take them out of a scary situation.

          Here are some dog body language signals or tells you can learn to use to your advantage.

          Shy or Nervous Dog

          If your dog is shy or nervous, other than getting behind you, they may also yawn, lick their nose, shake off and pull their ears backward and flat against their head. If your dog is nervous around new people or other dogs, this might turn to aggression. If your pet feels threatened, instruct people to approach them carefully or not engage at all.

          Fearful Dog

          When your dog is scared or suspicious about something or someone, you can see the hairs on their neck and back go up. A suspicious dog will be stiff, with their head and neck raised, and tail high up. A fearful dog might try to pull back and start to growl or bark. The best approach here is to get out of the situation by walking the other way.

          Stalking

          Whether it’s a toy or a bird or something else, if your dog is bowed, with a stiff tail, legs bent, and eyes wide open and fixed on a target, you can expect them to run off and start chasing whatever they’re after.

          If your dog is well-trained, you’ll be able to call them back and redirect their attention. Yet, some dogs find this hunter instinct very hard to battle. They can run off and get lost. If you notice these signs and you’re not sure your dog will respond to commands, keep them on a leash.

          Playful

          When your dog wants to play, they might bark at you to get your attention and get into a play bow, very similar to the stalking bow described above. But in the play bow, your dog’s body will be more relaxed and wobbly, and there will be a tail wag.

          Anxious

          Does your dog get nervous, anxious or super clingy when you’re about to leave? They might be showing signs of separation anxiety. When you get home, you’ll know for sure if that’s the case. There’ll be a trail of destruction waiting for you.

          Begging for Food or Getting Ready to Steal

          Is your dog around the table while you’re eating? Do they sit there like a good boy, licking their lips? You already know they’re after your food. Some dogs might even jump up, whine, or bark at you. Ignore the bad behavior if you don’t want to share every meal for the rest of your life with your furry companion. If ignoring them doesn’t work or it’s too difficult for you, try moving the dog to another room while you’re eating.

          Training and Treatment

          It’s best to start training your dog the moment they arrive in your home. You’re the one that sets the rules, and with the right stimuli, the pooch will make it their personal mission to obey. Dogs want to make us happy; most respond very well based on how we treat them. Sometimes we encourage bad behaviors by providing attention, comfort, and treats.

          This, in turn, encourages the dog to keep it up as that behavior brought them a reward. The best way to stop the bad behavior is to ignore it. Punishment doesn’t work. It might show a short-term result. But your dog will get frustrated, which could lead to fear or aggression over time.

          Set the Environment and Ground Rules

          Set up the right conditions, provide enough food, set the rules, and exercise your dog to keep them happy and obedient. One more thing. You have to be consistent. If you’re not consistent, your dog will be confused and won’t know what you want, which can be even more stressful.

          Imagine feeding your dog table scraps and allowing them on the bed one day and then punishing them for the same things another day. Your dog will not understand any of it, so other than just correcting your dog’s behavior, you also have to adjust your behavior. Dog behavior training will not be effective without consistency. If something is a big no-no today, it can’t be okay in a couple of days.

          Teach a Few Basic Commands First

          Other than satisfying the dog’s basic needs and ensuring they are healthy, you have to teach them to come when called and to sit down. These two basic things can go a long way for further training.

          Does your dog like to chew on your shoes and destroy your personal items? Limit their access to these before they’re trained not to chew. Also, ensure they have enough exciting dog toys to play with so they don’t go after the forbidden fruit.

          Always reward good behavior with treats, praise and play time and ignore bad behavior. Never use punishment or negative reinforcement in training.

          Destructive Behavior in Puppies

          A new little bundle of joy has arrived at your home, and you’re both excited. But what happens when your puppy starts making a mess and destroying your things? It will be stressful for both of you at first. But getting a puppy gives you the perfect opportunity to start training early.

          Pediatric Behavior Problems in Dogs

          Some behaviors like chewing, play biting, jumping up on people, and getting on furniture are typical puppy behaviors. They don’t know the rules yet and want to have fun and show everyone how much they love them.

          A common destructive behavior in dogs is chewing. Puppy chewing can be a big issue in the teething phase. During this time, you need to ensure your buddy has enough chew toys and little access to everything else.

          Play biting can also be an issue as puppy teeth are very sharp and can cause injuries. Don’t encourage this type of rough play. Show your dog that they hurt you, and follow with a sharp ‘no’, pulling your hand back, and ending playtime early.

          Treatment

          You can resolve most puppy behavior issues. You’ll need the right food, interesting toys, enough exercise, and a comfortable sleeping area for your furry buddy. Limit access to some areas of the house and to items they could destroy. Add a little praise and rewards, and you’ll have one happy puppy.

          Puppy classes are also an excellent solution for some basic obedience and habits. Teach your puppy to sit on command and come when called and build from there.

          Monitor Your Dog’s Behavior

          What if your dog is a complete sweetheart while you’re home but turns into a beast when you’re not around? These issues can stem from separation anxiety, boredom, or a lack of exercise. If you don’t want to come home to a battleground, you can get a pet camera to monitor your dog’s behavior when they are home alone.

          Petcube Bites pet treat camera is a great solution that allows you to watch your pooch day and night thanks to the night vision feature. The camera is connected through an app with your phone. This way you can talk to your buddy and throw treats at various distances. This will give them a little extra attention, food, and exercise.

          You’ll also know if your dog is barking a lot and annoying your neighbors. When you spot the barking or howling, you can summon your dog to distract them and stop the barking and howling.

          order button

          FAQs

          How do you discipline a dog?
          One of the best ways to discipline a dog is to ignore them or give them a time-out. You can also distract them with a loud noise, say ‘no’, or order them to sit. You can also use a spray bottle to spray some water on your dog to stop a bad behavior. If your dog is on a leash, you can use a quick leash snap. Other methods include taking away toys and holding back on rewards. Never hit your dog.

          Why is my dog being aggressive all of the sudden?
          If an otherwise non-aggressive dog suddenly turns aggressive, it’s possible that they might be sick or in pain. Dogs that are hurting will even snap, growl, or bark at their owners. Take your dog to a vet to see if there’s a health issue.

          Why is my dog trying to bite me?
          If you have a puppy, they might consider it a rough play. If an adult dog is trying to bite you, it might be that they didn’t learn that biting is wrong. Another possibility is that the dog is getting aggressive. First, rule out medical and other obvious reasons such as resource guarding and then address the issue.

          Is it bad to let my dog sleep with me?
          Some may argue that dogs are dirty, shed a lot, might have parasites, and don’t exactly smell like flowers. But if your dog is clean and healthy, and you like a leg warmer in the winter, there’s nothing wrong with that. Sleeping with a dog can actually improve your sleep if your pooch doesn’t kick or snore a lot.

          How can I stop my dog from jumping on my bed?
          You must set clear boundaries and be consistent. You can’t let your dog sleep with you for a week and then kick them out because you don’t feel like it anymore. Make sure your dog has a comfy and safe sleeping area, possibly even near your bed so they can still be close to you.

          How do I stop dog aggression?
          Try to determine the cause of the aggression before you can correct it. Rule out health issues first, then consider resource guarding, previous abuse, fear, anxiety, and a lack of exercise. If you have small kids around, limit their interaction with the dog until the behavior is corrected. In some cases, it’s best to call a pet behavior expert to help.

          Why is my dog eating poop and rolling in it?
          If your dog is eating poop, they might be missing some nutrients or they’re hungry. So, they may be trying to eat anything they can. Dogs also think that poop smells great so they will often indulge in it. It can also be instinct as dogs are used to rolling in smelly things to mask their smell while hunting.

          Source

          Dog Health – PetGuide


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          Dog Vaginal Health Guide: Everything You Need to Know


          Updated and Reviewed on March 30, 2019 by Dr. Savanna Parsons, DVM

          Every part of the body can be injured or affected by disease, and this includes a dog’s vagina.

          Symptoms involving the vagina are uncomfortable and may be signs of a potentially serious health condition.

          This guide will help you determine what’s normal, when you should be worried about your dog’s vaginal health, and whether you need to call your veterinarian.

          Anatomy of the Dog Vagina

          The outer portion of a female dog’s reproductive tract is called the vulva. It consists of two labia (thick folds of tissue) that are connected at the top and bottom.

          The vestibule lies just inside of the vulvar opening. The vagina opens into the vestibule, as does the urethra—the tube that drains the bladder. Farther on, the vagina connects with the cervix and then on to the uterus.

          Healthy Dog Vagina Appearance

          In order to recognize when something is wrong with your dog’s vagina, you need to know what normal looks like. It’s normal to be able to see your dog’s vulva.

          If a female dog has not been spayed, the appearance of her vulva can change dramatically over the course of her heat cycle.

          When a dog is in heat (receptive to mating), her vulva becomes swollen, and a bloody discharge will be evident. This heat period usually lasts for a week or two but can vary widely between dogs.

          After being in heat, the bleeding should stop, and the vulva returns to its normal appearance. Dogs may go through this entire cycle once every four months to once every 12 months.

          What If I Can’t See the Vulva?

          If you have to spread skin apart in order to see the vulva, that means there is an issue.

          Extra skin around the vulva can cause both urinary tract and vaginal infections as well as dermatitis of the extra skin. Your dog may not even show any symptoms until an infection is advanced.

          Depending on the extent of extra tissue, surgical removal of the extra skin may be necessary to correct the issue.

          Does My Dog Have a Vaginal Infection?

          Pet parents often worry that their dog might have a vaginal infection. Symptoms of a vaginal infection—also called vaginitis—include the following:

          • Discharge from the vulva, which may contain pus or blood

          • Licking the vulva

          • Rubbing their hind end along the ground

          • Frequent urination

          • Urination-associated discomfort

          • Male dogs may show sexual interest even if a female dog is not in heat

          What Causes Vaginal Infections?

          Vaginal infections have a variety of causes. Sometimes bacteria or other pathogens are solely to blame, but in other cases, infections develop as a result of other health problems.

          Vaginal trauma, foreign bodies, anatomic abnormalities, tumors, problems with the urinary tract, and hormonal disorders can all lead to vaginitis in dogs.

          Can Puppies Get Vaginitis?

          Puppies who have not gone through a heat cycle can develop a condition called puppy vaginitis that has symptoms similar to those listed above.

          Allowing the puppy to go through a heat cycle before spaying will usually resolve the vaginitis. Make an appointment with your veterinarian if you suspect that your dog has a vaginal infection.

          Why Is My Dog Licking Her Vagina?

          A dog will sometimes lick her vulva to help keep it clean.

          Intermittent licking is rarely a problem unless you also notice a vaginal discharge or changes in the vulva’s appearance, her overall health has worsened, or the licking becomes more frequent or intense.

          Excessive licking can be a sign of infection, injuries, or other problems with your dog’s urinary or reproductive tract. Call your veterinarian if you have any concerns.

          Why Is There Blood Coming from My Dog’s Vagina?

          A bloody discharge from the vulva is a normal part of a female dog’s heat cycle. Dogs typically go into heat and bleed between 1-3 times a year.

          However, if your dog has been spayed or you know it is not time for your intact dog to go into heat, the bleeding could be a sign of a potentially serious health problem.

          If you see blood coming from your dog’s vulva, it could be a result of trauma, tumors, infections, anatomic abnormalities, blood clotting disorders, and conditions affecting the urinary tract. Your dog should be evaluated by a veterinarian unless she is known to be in heat and there are no other issues.

          Is My Dog’s Vagina Swollen?

          An unspayed female dog’s vulva will become swollen as a part of her normal heat cycle, but it should return to its “normal” size after the heat is done (anywhere between 2-21 days is considered normal).

          If your dog has a condition called vaginal hyperplasia, dark pink or red tissue may protrude from the vulva. The tissue swelling that causes this should resolve when the heat cycle ends. Spaying your dog will also take care of the problem and prevent future occurrences.

          If your spayed female dog has a swollen vulva with a bloody discharge, it is possible that some ovarian tissue remained within her abdomen after her spay surgery.

          Infections, injuries, and tumors can also make a dog’s vulva appear to be swollen.

          Call your veterinarian for advice if your dog’s vulva is swollen and you know that she should not be in heat.

          Is This Color Normal?

          The outer surfaces of a dog’s labia are covered with skin and a small amount of hair, which should appear similar to the surrounding skin and hair.

          Some dark staining may be present due to the presence of fluids, like saliva, that turn reddish-brown when exposed to air. The inner surfaces of the labia are a pink color but are not normally visible.

          If you notice changes to the coloration of your dog’s vulva or surrounding tissues, or a discharge of any color, make an appointment with your veterinarian to rule out the possibility of infection, injury, and other potentially serious health conditions.

          What Is This Discharge Coming from My Dog’s Vagina?

          A dog who is in heat will have bloody discharge from her vulva, and a dark green to black discharge is normal in the days after a dog has given birth.

          However, other types of discharges, which may be watery or bloody, or look like mucus or pus, are generally associated with health problems and warrant a trip to the veterinarian. Possible diagnoses include:

          • Traumatic injury

          • Pregnancy and birth-related problems

          • Foreign material within the vagina

          • Infection of the urinary or reproductive tract, including a potential fatal uterine infection called pyometra

          • Cancer of the urinary or reproductive tract

          • Urinary tract stones

          • Blood-clotting disorders

          • Anatomic abnormalities

          • Hormonal disorders

          There should also be little to no odor associated with a dog’s vulva, so if you smell or see anything unusual in this area, make an appointment with your veterinarian.

          What Is This Rash Around My Dog’s Vagina?

          The skin that surrounds a dog’s vulva can develop rashes just like any other area of the body.

          Because the vulva touches the ground whenever a dog sits, it frequently comes in contact with irritants, allergens, and insects that may bite. Parasites or skin infections can also cause rashes around a dog’s vulva.

          A bath using cool water and a gentle soap might help if your dog’s rash developed due to contact with an allergen or irritant.

          Rashes that are severe, produce significant discomfort, or persist for more than a day or two should be evaluated by a veterinarian.

          What Is This Lump, Bump, or Growth on My Dog’s Vagina?

          Lumps, bumps, or growths that are located in or around a dog’s vulva are not normal and may be associated with injuries, infections, anatomic abnormalities, inflammation, cysts, or tumors.

          Dogs who have not been spayed may develop a mass of dark pink or red swollen tissue that protrudes from the vulva—a condition that goes by the name vaginal hyperplasia.

          The tissue swelling that causes this should resolve when your dog goes out of heat or when she is spayed. Make an appointment with your veterinarian if you have any concerns about your dog’s health.

          By: Dr. Jennifer Coates

          Featured Image: iStock.com/Capuski

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          Yorkshire Terrier Dog Breed Information


          Recommended for: Singles, families

          Maintenance Level: Low-medium

          Lifespan: 12-15 years

          Temperament:
          Active, loyal

          Health Risk:
          High probability of health issues during its lifetime, hence it is one of the more expensive breeds to insure.

          Learn More

          Is this breed right for you?
          Try our breed selector quiz to find out your best matching breed!

          Breed Overview

          The Yorkshire Terrier (a.k.a. “Yorkie”) is a small, toy-sized dog known for its long, silky, straight coat and named after its place of origin in Yorkshire, northern England.

          The Yorkshire Terrier’s coat is a combination of steel blue (on the body and tail) and tan. Their hair can grow particularly long, especially around the face, and often requires trimming in order to prevent it dipping into the food or water bowl.

          It’s true that Yorkshire Terriers do not shed as much as other dogs due to their lack of an undercoat, but they do shed a little. Coats require weekly brushing, and longer hair around the head often needs to be tied back to keep from obstructing the dog’s vision.

          The average Yorkshire Terrier weights around 3.2kg and stands between 15 and 17.5 cm tall. Their lifespan is generally between 12 and 15 years.

          Yorkshire Terriers may be small, but they are energetic little dogs who require a daily walk and playtime to stimulate them both physically and mentally. If your Yorkie often runs around the house for no reason, this could be a sign that they need more exercise.

          Yorkshire Terrier Bow Wow Meow Pet InsuranceYorkshire Terrier Bow Wow Meow Pet Insurance

          Personality and Temperament

          Owners who are consistent with rules and are patient with the dog will have no trouble training their Yorkshire Terrier, thanks to their working dog roots, however housebreaking can occasionally be a challenge.

          Some believe the Yorkie to be a “yappy” breed, but some owners have found that their dog, when its needs are satisfied, is a quiet and happy dog. Their barking habit makes them great watchdogs.

          Yorkshire Terriers are not recommended to households with young children, as they can often mistake the dog for a toy and play too roughly or drop or step on them.

          Yorkies are prone to Small Dog Syndrome, which occurs when owners allow their dog to get away with things they would not allow a large dog to, which can lead the dog to believe they are the pack leader.

          Common Yorkshire Terrier Diseases & Conditions

          Symptoms, diagnosis and treatment

          • Household Accidents. One of the biggest risks to Yorkshire Terriers is simple household accidents. Because they love to follow their owners around and can often sneak up quietly behind you, their small frame can be prone to broken bones or worse. It is for this reason that young children should be watched carefully around the Yorkie to ensure they treat it gingerly.
          • Patellar luxation is a common issue among small dog breeds, and occurs when the patella is not lined up properly, causing the knee cap to fall in and out of place. This can lead to lameness or an abnormal gait in the dog, but for dogs affected with only mild cases, no treatment is required and they can lead normal lives. For more serious cases, surgery can be performed in order to correct the patella.
          • Progressive retinal atrophy refers to a family of eye conditions which lead to the gradual deterioration of the retina, causing first night blindness, then full blindness. There is no cure, but many dogs adapt easily to the loss of sight and can lead relatively normal lives, as long as their environment does not change too drastically.
          • Cataracts. Like in humans, canine cataracts refer to a cloudy membrane forming over they eye causing vision impairment. They can be removed surgically.
          • Portosystemic shunt is a condition which affects the flow of blood between the liver and the rest of the body. Because the liver controls detoxing and metabolism, this can be a serious issue. Signs of the condition include abnormal behaviour, loss of appetite, low blood sugar, gastrointestinal issues, urinary tract issues, intolerance to medication and stunted growth. Corrective surgery is an option, and a special diet may be prescribed to help combat the issue.
          • Hypoglycaemia, or low blood sugar, is common among dogs that are extremely stressed. Symptoms include weakness, confusion, an abnormal gait, and seizures. Treatment is available.
          • Collapsed Trachea. The trachea, which carries air to the lungs, can collapse easily in dogs, causing a dry, hacking cough often sounding like a goose honk. Surgery can be performed to fix the trachea and medication may also be prescribed.
          • Reverse sneezing can occasionally be confused with a collapsed trachea, but is much less serious. It occurs when the dog becomes over-excited, drinks/eats too quickly, or if there is an increased amount of irritants in the air. Though it can be scary to witness, it will stop as soon as the Yorkie relaxes. Stroking the dog’s throat may help the dog calm down.
          • Other Issues. Yorkshire Terriers can also experience eye infections, anaesthetic intolerance, bronchitis, tooth decay and gum disease.

          Not all conditions are covered by Pet Insurance. For details of Bow Wow Meow Pet Insurance cover, refer to the Product Disclosure Statement.

          Yorkshire Terrier Bow Wow Meow Pet InsuranceYorkshire Terrier Bow Wow Meow Pet Insurance

          History

          The Yorkshire Terrier, named after the region of England from which it originated, arose out of a combination of ratter and working dogs. It came out of intentional crossbreeding of many terriers including the Clysedale Waterside, Paisley, Sky, Dandie Dinmont and Black and Tan English Terriers. The Clyesdale Waterside played an important part in the creation of the Yorkshire Terrier, especially its appearance, which was small, greyish blue, and had long hair. It was brought to Yorkshire by Scottish weavers around the 1850s.

          Due to its working dog and ratter roots, English nobility were not fans of the Yorkshire Terrier, believing it to be common, but soon enough it became the toy dog of choice among wealthy Britons due to its elegant looks and small size.

          The Yorkshire Terrier was brought to the USA in 1872 and its breed standard was established by 1900. As of 2013, the Yorkie is the 6th most popular purebred dog in the USA.

          Yorkshire Terrier Bow Wow Meow Pet Insurance

          Yorkshire Terrier Facts!

          • Smoky, a Yorkshire Terrier, was a famous dog who served in World War II who is credited with a surge in popularity of the breed. It is possible that he was also the first therapy dog on record. She survived 150 air raids and was awarded 8 battle stars.
          • Audrey Hepburn, Joan Rivers, Eva Gabor, Whitney Houston, Britney Spears, Paris Hilton, Miranda Kerr, Simon Cowell, and Gisele Bundchen have all been Yorkie owners.
          • Yorkshire Terriers were known as “broken-haired Scotch Terriers” until 1870.
          • The smallest dog in recorded history, Sylvia, was a Yorkshire Terrier who stood at only 6.3cm tall and weighed only 115 grams.
          • During the first couple of weeks of their lives, Yorkies sleep 90% of the time.
          • In 1991, a 5.5 kg Yorkie named Oliver saved his 79-year-old neighbour from an attack by a 36 kg Akita. The Akita was taken into custody and the Yorkie survived the fight and needed 9 stitches.

          10% discount for multiple pets

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          Yorkshire Terrier Club of NSW: http://www.yorkshireterrierclubnsw.com/default.asp

          Choosing to rescue a dog means giving an animal a second chance in life. This comprehensive guide, developed by professional trainers, aims to help make the transition to life in your home as successful as possible for your dog and your family.

          Download guide

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          10 Most Common Dog Health Problems (Vet-Approved Content)


          Most Common Dog Health ProblemsMost Common Dog Health Problems The most common dog health problems include accidental injury and dental disease. Photo: AOMSIN

          What’s your best guess as to the most common dog health problems that people think are serious enough to bring their pups to the vet?

          As a veterinarian, I see an awful lot of tummy upsets, ear infections and itchy dogs — oh yes, and anal glands. How could I forget anal glands?

          (Approaching things the other way round, the most common condition dogs have — but their people are not concerned about — is a dirty mouth and dental disease.)

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          I was therefore interested to come across this list of the 10 most common canine conditions. This list was compiled by a pet insurance company and its analysis of the reason for claims.

          10 Most Common Dog Health Problems

          10. Soft Tissue Injuries

          This covers everything from strains and sprains to skin lacerations and dog fight wounds.

          This group of conditions is largely “accidental” and part of being an active dog. So, don’t let the risk of injury prevent you from taking your dog out and about — after all, it’s what being a dog is all about.

          9. Dental Disease

          What we’re talking about here is dental disease so severe that it requires medical and surgical intervention. This might be a broken tooth, gum disease or tooth root infection.

          A huge percentage of dogs are walking around with unrecognized dental disease.

          To check your dog’s dental health, do this simple sniff test:

          • Put your nose next to the dog’s mouth, and what do you smell?
          • If you recoil in disgust or start gagging, then odds are the dog has a dirty mouth that needs attention (and they’re just not complaining). Go visit your vet!

          8. Urinary Tract Infections

          Signs of a urinary tract infection or cystitis include the frequent need to urinate, discomfort when urinating or blood in the urine. If you notice any of these signs, seek urgent veterinary attention for the dog.

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          Not only is cystitis uncomfortable, but also the signs can be nonspecific. A dog may strain to urinate or try more often. More serious still is if a bladder stone or a plug of debris blocks the exit to the bladder. This needs urgent treatment, so don’t delay getting help.

          7. Diarrhea

          Diarrhea is a symptom rather than a diagnosis and has a wide variety of causes, some of which include:

          If there’s no blood in the diarrhea and the dog is bright, then withhold food for 24 hours and reintroduce a bland diet for a few days.

          However, if there’s blood, vomiting or lethargy — or the dog seems otherwise unwell — then don’t wait. Get them checked by a vet.

          Most Common Dog Health ProblemsMost Common Dog Health Problems Arthritis is a common condition among senior dogs. Photo: skeeze

          6. Arthritis

          Our dogs are living longer, so they are more likely to suffer from this common condition.

          The good news is that there are now more ways than ever to give arthritic dogs back their quality of life. From recognizing pain and relieving it with appropriate medications and nutraceuticals that nourish the joints to trying physiotherapy, laser therapy or stem cell therapy, there are lots of options that can make a significant difference.

          Some vets have special arthritis clinics to advise on how best to manage the patient’s mobility.

          Again, there are a surprising number of ways you can help at home, so if your vet isn’t clued in, ask to be referred to a veterinary physiotherapist.

          5. Vomiting

          Vomiting in a dog should be taken seriously — the dog can quickly become dehydrated, which introduces a whole new set of problems.

          As a rule of thumb, visit the vet if the dog is depressed and vomiting, vomiting for more than 4 hours and also has diarrhea, or if you see blood.

          This is another case of vomiting being a symptom rather than a diagnosis. Causes include:

          4. Benign Tumors

          Benign tumors are unlikely to spread to other parts of the body or cause serious harm. Typical examples include lipomas (fatty lumps) or harmless skin lumps.

          That this scores so highly up the list is actually quite encouraging because it indicates that people are being vigilant for lumps and bumps.

          The good news is that it appears that when the majority of those lumps were investigated, they were less serious. It is pleasing to see that malignant cancer (aggressive cancers that spread and cause death) didn’t even make it into the top 10 most common dog health problems.

          This means benign lumps are far more common than malignant ones (although you should never be complacent — always get any lump checked out).

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          3. Hot Spots and Skin Infections

          This just goes to prove how surprisingly fragile dog skin is.

          Canine skin is much thinner and less sophisticated than human skin, and when scratched or damaged, it’s more prone to infection. This makes sense — dogs also have a fur coat to protect their skin, making abrasions less likely.

          However, you can help reduce the risk of skin infections by keeping their skin clean:

          • Bathe the dog with a mild, moisturizing shampoo that helps wash bacteria from the skin’s surface and keep them cleaner.
          • Also, if the dog gets a scratch or abrasion, bathe it with salty water to help prevent infection.

          2. Ear Infections

          Ear infections are whole topic in themselves. Indeed, we covered treatment in this expert guide: “Ear Infection Treatment: From Ear Drops All the Way to Surgery.”

          OK, ready for the No. 1 most common dog health problem? It’s next on the list…

          why most dogs get sickwhy most dogs get sick Gentle exercise can help an arthritic pet tone their muscles and support their joints. Photo: mccun934

          1. Skin Allergies (Atopy)

          Wow! So our dogs’ most common problem is allergic skin disease. Interesting!

          Actually, skin allergies have a strong hereditary basis, so it looks like we’re breeding more and more from dogs who have sensitivities and allergies.

          Signs of skin allergies in dogs include:

          • Excessive paw licking
          • Scooting and excessive bottom licking
          • Scratching
          • Chewing
          • Thickened skin
          • Hair loss secondary to scratching
          • Recurrent skin or ear infections

          If your dog is super-itchy in the spring and summer but fine in the colder months, then they might well have allergic skin disease. It can only be controlled rather than cured.

          Helping a dog with allergies means a multifaceted approach: avoiding allergens, improving skin health and administering medication to reduce inflammation.

          Try brushing your dog’s teeth at home to avoid painful dental problems:

          Final Thoughts on the Most Common Dog Health Problems

          I wonder how skewed this list is because it was compiled by an insurance company.

          If you think about it, those little things, such as a runny eye or broken dog nail, may require only one visit. This means that a person is unlikely to put in a claim, so it won’t show on the insurance company’s data.

          So, what would be my guess of the most common condition that doesn’t show up on the stats? I’d say garbage gut that settles after one visit. Or full anal sacs.

          Yep. Definitely anal sacs.

          vet-cross60pvet-cross60pThis pet health content was written by a veterinarian,Dr. Pippa Elliott, BVMS, MRCVS. It was last reviewed Feb. 8, 2019.

          If you have questions or concerns, call your vet, who is best equipped to ensure the health and well-being of your pet. This article is for informational purposes only and is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. See additional information.



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          Yorkie Bichon Dog Breed Health, Temperament, Training, Feeding and Grooming


           

          • Best Suited For: Singles, seniors, and families with children and other pets, living in an apartment or house, with or without a yard
          • Temperament: Alert, energetic, playful, curious, loving, smart
          • Comparable Breeds: Bichon Frise, Yorkshire Terrier

          Want to conjure up an image of pure adorableness within your brain? Who doesn’t?! So try this: imagine combining the adorable Bichon Frise with the irresistible Yorkshire Terrier. Did your heart just melt? How could it not?! Well good news, you don’t have to limit yourself to imagining this remarkably cute hybrid. This incredibly cute little pooch actually exists. In fact, you can even introduce the Yorkie Bichon into your family if you are in search of a super cute pup to call your own. These dogs are real and they will live up to your dreams.

          In fact, the Yorkie Bichon is more than just a pup with good looks. These dogs have substance to back up their eye candy. They are friendly, fun, and loving. They will fill your heart with joy and slather love all over your family. To bring a Yorkie Bichon into your home is to bring a little fur ball of pure happiness into your life. Sounds perfect, right?

          So, will you be bringing home one of these pups asap? You’ll want to do the proper research first and fortunately you’ve come to the right place for that. To find out everything that you need to know about the Yorkie Bichon, simply keep your eyes glued to this page and scroll away. Everything is about to be revealed. Read on.

          The Yorkie Bichon is a cross between a purebred Bichon Frise and Yorkshire Terrier.

          The Yorkie Bichon is a designer crossbreed from the United States. But, apart from the country he originates from, there’s little else we know about this adorable fluffy dog. Sadly like pretty much all hybrid dogs, there simply isn’t much documentation available about the breed’s history. One of the main reasons why the history of the Yorkie Bichon is so full of mystery is the fact that mixed breed dogs haven’t always been thought of as designer dog breeds. It stands to reason that there have been many accidental mixed breed litters of the Yorkie and Bichon Frise throughout history, way before Yorkie Bichon got his name and status as a hybrid. We’ll never know for sure.

          However, based on what we already know about the designer dog breeds in general, we can pretty much figure out how it happened for the Yorkie Bichon. It’s highly likely that it shares the origin story with many other designer hybrids from the United States and that it was first developed sometime in the last 20 years. Other than that, we simply don’t know much about how this hybrid came to be. Thankfully, we do know quite a bit about why you need to bring one of these remarkable (and mysterious) pups home. 

          You can expect that your Yorkie Bichon will be a vivacious and smart little dog.

          The Yorkie Bichon is a cross between a purebred Bichon Frise and Yorkshire Terrier. In most cases, this a 50-50 percent mix of the two breeds, resulting in a pooch that stands to inherit traits from both parents. This type of crossbreeds is also known as first generation hybrid, and it’s the most varying type of designer dog. What does this mean? Well, as his mom and dad are purebred dogs belonging to different breeds, a Yorkie Bichon is always unique. Sometimes, the puppies in the litter favor the Bichon Frise more, other times, it’s the Yorkshire Terrier who is more influential in the mix (it’s hard to predict how this mix will balance out, even amongst puppies born to the same litter). Of course, even though some details do vary with each dog, the majority of traits are shared. This is especially true of those that make this hybrid so popular, such as compact size, low-shedding or hypoallergenic coat, and loving temperament.

          There are also multigenerational Yorkie Bichon, albeit those are not types of hybrids that can be easily found. This type of breeding involves introducing other, unrelated Yorkies or Bichon Frises into a gene pool of a Yorkie Bichon to make the traits of one breed more prominent. Finally, some breeders mate Yorkie Bichons to other Yorkie Bichons in hopes to create an actual new breed with a new set of traits altogether.

          To give your Yorkie Bichon the nutrition and energy that he needs, choose a high quality canine-appropriate food. Because these dogs are small, they may only need about ½ cup of dry dog food each day, but talk to your vet to be sure that you are feeding your particular pooch the right amount of food for his size and needs. And if you are going to feed your dog some canine wet food as well, you will need to adjust the amount of dry food that you are feeding him so that he does not end up gaining too much weight. Always provide clean, fresh water throughout the day. Also, when the weather is hot, your pooch may not want to eat as much food, and may only want to eat in the evening or at night.

          It’s always wise to check in with your veterinarian before establishing or altering your dog’s diet. While pet blogs and dog food manufacturers often provide useful feeding guidelines, these should not be treated as gospel. All dogs are different after all, each with their own needs. Only your vet is qualified to determine the specific dietary needs of your personal pooch. So, always check in with your vet before changing your dog’s diet to ensure that you get the best results.

          You can expect that your Yorkie Bichon will be a vivacious and smart little dog.

          You can expect that your Yorkie Bichon will be a vivacious and smart little dog. Even as puppies, these dogs show a high level of intelligence and an interest in learning how to do tricks. Start early because those impressionable puppy days are the best time to train. Establish yourself as the pack leader while still focusing on positive reinforcement and rewards based training techniques (anything less is closer to abuse that training).

          Crate training is also a good idea for this breed, but spending time with your dog and getting him used to being groomed is important for your puppy too. If your dog starts showing negative behaviors, such as territorial aggression, fearfulness, or excessive barking, obedience classes may help. There’s no shame in seeking help in training your dog. It’s far better than ending up with a misbehaving animal who will cause you significant stress in the long run.

          A toy-sized breed, the Yorkie Bichon weighs between 6 and 8 pounds.

          Yorkie Bichons are naturally active, inquisitive, and energetic.Your Yorkie Bichon will exhibit a combination of traits from its parent breeds. You can expect that these dogs will be independent but will still enjoy spending loads of time with you. This means that you can leave your dog at home while you go to work without having to worry about him getting too anxious, but he will definitely be excited to see you when you return home. This makes these dogs a good fit in an apartment. Well, at least that’s true if you can get your Yorkie Bichon’s barking under control. These dogs do have a high-pitch bark, so they can make good watchdogs, but you should try to train your dog to not bark excessively.

          Despite all of their positive qualities, Yorkie Bichons can exhibit destructive behaviors, and they can be stubborn, as well as a little too curious. Therefore, proper training is imperative, and you need to give your pet plenty of toys to remain occupied while you aren’t home. They will get up to trouble if you don’t train them right and keep them stimulated, so take these responsibilities seriously.

          As with all other hybrid dog breeds, the Yorkie Bichon has the potential to inherit some of the diseases that are common to its parent breeds. However, there is no guarantee that your dog will ever become ill with any of those conditions. A lot will depend on the genetics of an individual dog, as well as the type of lifestyle he leads. To make sure that your pooch is as healthy as can be, always get a puppy from a reputable source (not puppy mills or pet stores), feed them a well-balanced quality diet and provide plenty of exercise.

          Some of the ailments that you should watch out for include Legg-Calve-Perthes disease, slipped kneecaps, hypothyroidism, progressive retinal atrophy, dental problems, and eye problems. Make sure to maintain regularly scheduled checkups with your vet (especially as your pooch ages into its senior years) to ensure that any health issues are identified and treated as early as possible. 

          The Yorkie Bichon has an average lifespan of 10 to 12 years.

          These small dogs need a moderate amount of activity and exercise daily. They are naturally active, inquisitive, and energetic, so you can enjoy a variety of activities with them both indoors and outside.

          If you have an enclosed and safe backyard, you can let your Yorkie Bichon run around and play outside with some toys when the weather is appropriate. Your dog can also go for short walks, go to the dog park to play with other little dogs, and play with toys inside the house. Makes sure to help your pup burn off their energy every day or they will find ways of using up that energy that you won’t appreciate.

          Yorkie Bichons are naturally active, inquisitive, and energetic.

          The Yorkie Bichon is not recognized by the American Kennel Club, as it is considered to be a hybrid breed. However, there are many smaller clubs and organizations that accept designer dogs into their fold. The Yorkshire Terrier and Bichon Frise mix has many different names, though, and each of the organization recognizes the breed under a different name. Dog Registry of America, Inc accepts all names, including Yorkie Bichon.  American Canine Hybrid Club names this breed Yo-Chon, and the Designer Dogs Kennel Club Borkie. Similarly, International Designer Canine Registry® recognizes this mix as Yo-Chon or Borkie both, and the Designer Breed Registry as Yorkshire Frise or Borkie. A lot of names for such a tiny pooch!

          The Yorkie Bichon features a dense, full, and soft coat. Both the Bichon Frise and Yorkshire Terrier are hypoallergenic, so these dogs will be hypoallergenic as well. However, they do shed quite a bit and will need daily brushing to keep their coats healthy, smooth, and free of mats and tangles.

          Bathe your dog whenever he gets too dirty, and have him groomed by a professional to keep the coat trimmed and away from the eyes. This adorable little fur balls grow out their hair quickly, so regular grooming and trimming is a necessity.

          These tiny puppies are very delicate and should be handled with gentleness and care. Instruct your kids to do the same, as these puppies can easily get hurt. They need a soft touch and deserve it too.

          Teach your puppy the rules of your house from a young age, including what is considered a toy and what is off-limits.

          You should socialize your puppy as early on as possible in order to get him used to being around a variety of people, other dogs, and other animals. Early socialization and training will also help your dog get used to varying situations and noises so that he won’t end up becoming fearful or nervous.

          Photo credit: Megan Ashman/Flickr; mikeledray/Bigstock

          Tagged as: Bichon Frise, Bichon Yorkie, crossbreed dog, designer breed, designer dog, designer dog breed, hybrid dog breed, Yorkie Bichon, Yorkshire Terrier

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          Yorkie-Pom Dog Breed Health, Temperament, Training, Feeding and Grooming


           

          • Best Suited For: Families with older children, singles and seniors, apartments, houses with/without yards
          • Temperament: Affectionate, energetic, alert, intelligent
          • Comparable Breeds: Yorkshire Terrier, Pomeranian

          If you were ever worried that you wouldn’t be able to find a small dog adorable enough to fulfill your voracious appetite for cuteness, worry no longer! We have the pupper for you.  The Yorkie-Pom is known by many names including “Porkie” and “Yoranian” (yep, if the names are almost offensively cute). This lovable designer breed is a cross between a purebred Yorkshire Terrier and a Pomeranian, making it the ultimate small-breed dog. These little dogs exhibit the best of both worlds when it comes to temperament and behavior. They are essentially a cross between the affectionate Yorkshire Terrier and the energetic Pomeranian. Energy, affection, and furriness. What more could you possibly want? These pups make other purse dogs jealous. If you need a little extra fuzzy cuteness in your life, it doesn’t get much better than the Yorkie-Pom. This pooch prompts squeals of delight from fully grown adults everywhere that it goes.

          Of course, owning a dog is a major responsibility that shouldn’t be determined entirely by cuteness. It’s sad but true. So, before you consider one of these little dogs, it’s quite important to learn everything you can about them. Crossbreed dogs (also known as designer dogs) come with some challenges due to variations in breeding. You cannot expect every litter of Yorkie-Poms to exhibit the same characteristics. Fortunately, you’ve come to the right place. Keep your eyeballs glued to this page to find out whether or not a Yorkie-Pom belongs in your life.

          The Yorkie-Pom is known by many names including “Porkie” and “Yoranian”.

          The Yorkie-Pom is a 50/50 mix of a purebred Pomeranian and a purebred Yorkshire Terrier.

          The exact origins of the Yorkie-Pom breed are unknown because hybrid dogs have been in existence for many years. Chances are, there have been more than a few mischievous Yorkies and Pomeranians that got together and produced unplanned mixed breed litters before designer dogs were even a thing. How could they possibly resist each other? This is why it’s difficult to pinpoint the exact origin of a single hybrid breed. There have been countless mixes throughout history, but no one thought to name them or give them a status of a breed! There’s no documentation. No anecdotal evidence. Nothing. It’s like these perfect pups entered our lives through magic or something.

          We do know that designer dog breeds like the Yorkie-Pom have become more popular within the past few decades. However, no one breeder has been credited with the development of this particular designer breed. So, we can’t know with certainty when or where these dogs came to be. However, it’s highly likely that their story is similar to that of many other hybrids. This would mean that the Yorkie-Pom was first developed in the United States, sometime in the last 20 years. That’s the best we can do. Unfortunately, know one will ever know the name of the genius breeder who gifted the first Yorkie-Pom to the world. 

          The Yorkie-Pom is a 50/50 mix of a purebred Pomeranian and a purebred Yorkshire Terrier. This type of crossbreeds is known as first generation hybrid (and the parents are always two different purebreds in this case). As a result, puppies that come from this mix often vary in terms of looks and appearance. The pups inherit traits from both parents, which are not always that similar. It’s a roll of the dice every time. You never quite know which parental traits are going to appear in a first generation hybrid, even amongst puppies born within the same litter. while some people prefer the uniformity of purebred dogs with many generations behind them, part of the Yorkie-Pom’s charm lies in the fact that every dog is unique. You can never know which side of the family tree the puppies will favor! It’s a surprise every time. Like a blind box toy, only alive!

          Of course, it is possible to have a Yorkie-Pom with more or less than 50 percent of each parent breed in its heritage. These are multigenerational crossbreeds, but these are far too rare in the designer dog community, as most of these breeds are too recent for this type of breeding. This will change over time. Eventually there will be Yorkie-Poms born several generations deep with more reliable traits. For now, you never quite know what you’re going to get with each pooch. Forrest Gump would love it. 

          Much like every other dog, the Yorkie-Pom also requires a healthy and well-balanced diet to thrive. Meeting the dietary requirements of your dog should be one of your primary concerns as a pet owner because a well-thought out meal plan can go a long way for any pooch. Luckily, the Yorkie-Pom is not that complicated. He will do well on high-quality dry food for dogs. Just make sure that it is the right one for their own needs. The ingredients should be natural and high-grade, with meat representing the highest percentage of ingredients, followed by health facts, and vitamins. Avoid cheap foods full of filler as they can actually damage your pet’s health in the long run.

          Yorkie-Pom will need kibble formula that is appropriate for his size, activity level, and age group (puppy, adult, or senior). Small breed formula is usually a good choice, as it is made specifically for dogs of their size and energy. However, this may change as they age.

          Another important thing about the diet of this hybrid breed is making sure to get portions just right. Overfeeding your petite pooch can quickly lead to obesity and health issues. Unfortunately, the Yorkie-Pom gains weight with ease. So you have to be careful with portion control and this pup. Stick to recommendations from the manufacturer. Half a cup to a full cup of kibble per day is usually everything your pet needs to be full.

          As always, if you are ever concerned about your pup’s diet, it’s wise to consult with your veterinarian. While dog food manufacturers and the internet provide good guidelines that are worth following, every dog is different. The only person qualified to assess the specific dietary needs of your personal pooch is your vet. So never be afraid to check in with your vet about this issue. It’s why you have a vet, after all!

          The Yorkie-Pom is an intelligent breed that generally responds well to training.

          The Yorkie-Pom is an intelligent breed that generally responds well to training but these little dogs can develop an independent streak if you aren’t firm and consistent with training. It is best to start training early for this dog and to establish yourself as the master of the house. If you give in to your dog too often and let him ignore your commands, he may develop Small Dog Syndrome in addition to other problem behaviors. Socialization is also important for this breed and it should be started from a young age. Initiating training early and often with a puppy is one of the most important things that you can do as a dog owner. It’s also important to focus on training rooted in positive reinforcement and rewards. Negative reinforcement and punishment is closer to abuse than training and should be avoided at all costs! Your pooch deserves so much better than that.

          The Yorkie-Pom typically stands between 7 and 12 inches tall at the shoulder and weighs between 3 and 7 pounds at maturity. The size of this breed varies depending on the size of the two dogs used to create the cross.

          The Yorkie-Pom is a 50/50 mix of a purebred Pomeranian and a purebred Yorkshire Terrier.The temperament of the Yorkie-Pom breed will vary according to breeding but, for the most part, these little dogs are friendly and energetic. Pomeranians are particularly friendly and playful, though they can also be a little assertive and willful at times. The Yorkshire Terrier, on the other hand, is good-natured and loves nothing more than to be a lap dog. You can expect some combination of these characteristics from your pooch, but as mentioned above it’s tough to guess precisely which traits will be favoured in your Yorkie-Pom. These dogs also tend to be very noisy, so you may need to train your dog to respond to a “hush” command to get him to stop barking. These dogs also tend not to do well with young children as they are very delicate.

          For the most part, the Yorkie-Pom is a healthy breed. In many cases, crossbred dogs are less likely to develop congenital conditions than purebred dogs simply because the gene pool is much larger. That is not to say that the Yorkie-Pom isn’t prone to developing certain health conditions. All breeds have the potential to be affected by a number of different diseases. Some of the conditions most likely to affect this hybrid breed include eye problems, dental problems, epilepsy, liver disease, respiratory infections, and kidney problems. It’s nothing to be too worried about, but it’s also worth maintaining regular check ups with your vet as your pup gets older to monitor things and avoid any unpleasant surprises.

          The average lifespan of the Yorkie-Pom is between 12 and 15 years.

          Because the Yorkie-Pom has Pomeranian blood, it is generally going to be a high-energy dog. These dogs are also intelligent so they require plenty of mental stimulation in addition to exercise. If left alone too long (or if not properly trained), these dogs are prone to developing problem behaviors and Small Dog Syndrome. You don’t want to have a little furry Napoleon on your hands! This breed is adaptable to city or apartment life, however, as long as it gets enough daily exercise and has stimulating toys to keep its mind active.

          The temperament of the Yorkie-Pom breed will vary according to breeding but, for the most part, these little dogs are friendly and energetic.

          The Yorkie-Pom is not recognized by the AKC because it is technically a hybrid of two pure breeds rather than a new breed. This breed has, however, recognition from a few smaller canine clubs and organizations. The Yorkshire Terrier and Pomeranian mix is known under various different names and each of the organization accepts this breed under one of those names.

          For instance, the American Canine Hybrid Club recognizes this breed as Yoranian. The Designer Dogs Kennel Club and Designer Breed Registry both accept it as Yoranian Terrier. The International Designer Canine Registry® calls the breed Yoranian Terrier or Porkie, whereas the Dog Registry of America, Inc. accepts all names.

          Because the Yorkie-Pom is a cross between two long-coated breeds, you can expect it to have a fairly long coat. Most exhibit a combination of colors in their coats. While Yorkshire Terriers are typically dual-colored with black, tan, blue, or gold, Pomeranians come in all kinds of colors, usually solid. Grooming is especially important for the Yorkie-Pom to keep shedding under control and you will need to give his coat a trim several times a year as well.

          The average litter size for the Yorkie-Pom breed varies. Yorkshire Terriers typically deliver 3 puppies per litter, while Pomeranians average 2 to 4. You can expect similar litter sizes from this breed. One thing to be wary of with this breed is that whelping is often difficult because the dog is so small. Another thing you may notice is that the coat color of Yorkie-Pom puppies may change as the puppy grows and matures. This is common in the Pomeranian breed and may be passed along from a Pom parent.

          Photo credit: Paul J Everett/Flickr; JStaley401/Bigstock.com

          Tagged as: Condo dogs, designer breed, designer dog breed, dogs for apartments, hybrid, small dog syndrome, Yorkie-Pom

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